A career counselor is similar to a career coach in that professionals in both roles can help you navigate your career path and understand your career goals .

What is a career :

A career is any occupation, profession, trade or vocation worked on for a given sum of time, in return for a sum of money, which can be paid hourly, weekly, monthly or early. While some careers can be learnt on the job, some careers require extensive education and training in the form of high school diploma, degree , masters degree and PHD’s.

Example of a career :

  • Baker
  • Chef
  • Doctor
  • Teacher
  • Engineer
  • Carpenter
  • Lawyers
  • Electrician


Career Counselling :

Career counseling can be seen as a specific application of counseling psychology . At. its core, counseling psychology is about supporting people to improve the assessment of. themselves, their environment, and their current challenges as well as optimizing their experiences and their behaviour . Career counselling helps you gain a better understanding of yourself, including your interests, strengths, values, and personality traits. By exploring these aspects, you can make more informed decisions about your career path, ensuring it aligns with who you are as an individual . Career counselling is a process, that mostly involves multiple steps. Step 1- Developing Self-Awareness- This is the first step where you gather information about yourself, and understand yourself by introspecting on your abilities, interest, personality and skills. Career development is an ongoing process consisting of four main recurring steps: self knowledge, exploration, decision-making, and action . 


Decide the Right Career Path :

  • Begin by determining what you like to do. ...
  • Carry out a SWOT analysis. ...
  • Carry out a thorough market research. ...
  • Choose the prospective fields and industry for work. ...
  • Carry your skills with experience. ...
  • Get required trainings and education in the career of your choice. ...
  • Be optimistic.


There are four types of career paths - knowledge - based, skill-based, entrepreneur-based, and freelance . Every kind of career path caters to a specific set of qualifications that help you perform your job . Knowledge-based career paths allow you to use the knowledge you acquired over time to do your job . 


Types of Career Planning : 

  • Knowledge-based
  • Skill-based
  • Entrepreneur-based
  • Freelance


A career plan is a practical approach that allows you to determine your skills and interests, set career goals, and put into action where it will help you reach them.

It’s a constant process which includes an overview of :

  • Your current skills and experience
  • Your likes and interests
  • Your career goals
  • Your priorities
  • Your intended actions
  • Your problem solving method


Why is career planning important :


Career planning is an easy way to ensure your career is going in the right path. It is important to propose your career planning as it gives you the much needed direction and makes it clear where you see yourself in future. It gives you an idea of your strengths and weaknesses and the skills and knowledge that are required to achieve your goals .